In recent years, the Indian political landscape has witnessed a series of city renaming controversies, leaving a profound impact on the nation’s historical narrative. One such controversy revolves around the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Narendra Modi-led Indian government’s approach towards renaming cities and their implications, particularly concerning the Muslim heritage of India. This article explores the controversial topic of city renaming, with a specific focus on the city of Aligarh, known for its historical significance in India’s past.

The Aligarh Movement and Its Historical Significance

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and the Aligarh Movement

The Aligarh Movement, founded by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, aimed to promote education among Muslims in India during the 19th century. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan recognized the importance of modern education and encouraged Muslims to adapt to the evolving educational trends of the time. Aligarh, the birthplace of this movement, has always been a symbol of educational reform and cultural revival in India.

The Renaming Controversy: Aligarh to Harigarh

Yogi Adityanath’s Stance on Renaming

Yogi Adityanath, the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, has been at the forefront of renaming cities in the state. His latest proposal involves changing the name of Aligarh to Harigarh, a move that has garnered significant attention and sparked controversy. This renaming is part of a broader effort to rewrite the historical narrative of the region.

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Historical Significance of Aligarh

Allama Iqbal and the Two Nation Theory

Allahabad, another city in Uttar Pradesh, is a prime example of the historical significance of the region. It was in Allahabad where Allama Iqbal, in a famous address in 1930, first proposed the idea of independent states for provinces in the Indian subcontinent with a Muslim majority. This concept later became the foundation of the Two Nation Theory, which ultimately led to the creation of Pakistan.

Implications of Renaming

The renaming of cities like Allahabad and Faizabad, along with the proposed renaming of Aligarh, raises questions about the BJP’s motives and their approach to historical narratives. Yogi Adityanath has been a vocal advocate of renaming cities with historical significance, with the aim of highlighting the periods of Hindu rule and downplaying the Muslim rule over India.

The Broader Context

A Wider Pattern

Yogi Adityanath stated in 2019, “We do what we like; we renamed Mughal Sarai as Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Nagar, Allahabad as Prayagraj, and Faizabad as Ayodhya. Whenever the need arises, the government will take steps.” This statement reflects the broader pattern of city renaming in Uttar Pradesh and the BJP’s efforts to reshape the historical narrative.


The renaming of Aligarh to Harigarh, in the footsteps of renaming other cities, underscores the BJP’s mission to rewrite India’s history. It is a controversial move that seeks to diminish the rich Muslim heritage in India and replace it with a narrative that highlights the dominance of Hindu culture and history.


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