Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) has recently released its financial report for the first quarter of 2023, revealing staggering losses of Rs38 billion. This marks a significant increase of 171% compared to the same period last year. The national carrier’s financial performance has been adversely affected by multiple factors, including currency depreciation, rising oil prices, interest rates, and administrative negligence. Additionally, the PIA has faced a substantial number of bird strikes, resulting in damages to several aircraft. In this article, we delve into the details of these challenges faced by the PIA and their implications for the national carrier.

Financial Losses Surge to Rs38 Billion

The Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) experienced a substantial financial setback during the first quarter of 2023. The newly released financial report reveals a staggering loss of Rs38 billion, which is 171% higher than the corresponding period in 2022. This financial downturn has raised concerns about the national carrier’s profitability and sustainability.

Depreciating Rupee and External Factors

One of the significant contributors to PIA’s financial losses is the depreciation of the Pakistani rupee against the U.S. dollar. The airline suffered a loss of Rs21 billion due to this currency devaluation, impacting its operational costs and bottom line. Additionally, the PIA has been grappling with the adverse effects of escalating oil prices and rising interest rates. These external factors have further burdened the airline’s financial performance, exacerbating its losses.

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Administrative Negligence and Increased Operating Expenses

Negligence in administrative matters has resulted in a significant increase in the PIA’s operating expenses. The financial report highlights an additional expense of Rs15 billion, bringing the total operating expenses to Rs43 billion for the first quarter. These administrative shortcomings have put a strain on the airline’s profitability and underscore the need for improved management practices within the organization.

Impact of Bird Strikes on PIA

The PIA has faced a considerable challenge in the form of bird strikes, which have adversely affected its operations and incurred substantial losses. In the past five months alone, there have been 29 reported bird strikes at domestic airports, amounting to millions of rupees in damages. During May 2023, ten bird strikes were reported, with Karachi and Lahore airports being the most affected.

Bird Strikes: Disruptions and Damages

Bird strikes have caused significant disruptions and damages to PIA aircraft. One notable incident involved Flight PK-310, an Airbus A320 traveling from Karachi to Quetta. Shortly after takeoff, the plane was struck by a bird, prompting the captain to request permission for an emergency landing. The damaged aircraft was subsequently taken to the hangar for examination, revealing that six blades of the engine had been affected. As a result, passengers were transferred to an alternative flight, causing delays and inconvenience.

Magnitude of Bird Strikes

The PIA administration has released statistics regarding bird strikes over the past five months. In May alone, there were ten reported incidents across multiple airports, including Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Faisalabad, Sukkur, Quetta, Peshawar, Gilgit, and Multan. Karachi and Lahore airports reported a total of 16 bird strike incidents during this period. Notably, bird strikes have also occurred in international locations such as Jeddah and Bahrain, leading to damages in seven aircraft.


The Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) has encountered significant challenges, leading to substantial financial losses and operational disruptions. Factors such as currency depreciation, rising oil prices, and administrative negligence have all contributed to the airline’s financial woes. Moreover, the prevalence of bird strikes has further strained PIA’s resources and affected its punctuality and passenger experience. To ensure the sustainability and recovery of the national carrier, it is crucial for the PIA to address these issues promptly, implement robust risk management strategies, and improve administrative efficiency.


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