The recent announcement by the caretaker Punjab government to close schools and businesses due to the overwhelming smog in the province, particularly in Lahore, is a significant step to address the severe air pollution crisis affecting the region.

Closures of Schools and Offices

In a press conference held in Lahore, the caretaker Chief Minister (CM) of Punjab, Mohsin Naqvi, declared that on November 10th, all schools and offices in areas with alarming smog levels will remain closed. This measure is aimed at protecting the health and well-being of students and employees, as smog poses serious health risks.

Closure of Markets, Hotels, Parks, and Cinemas

In addition to school and office closures, markets will also remain closed on the following day, and hotels, parks, and cinemas will observe closure on both Friday and Saturday. Typically, these businesses close on Sundays, making this extended closure a significant step to mitigate the effects of smog.

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Research on Smog and its Alarming Effects

A recent research study conducted by the University of Chicago has added urgency to the issue of smog in Lahore, raising concerns among the city’s residents due to the alarming levels of pollution.

University of Chicago’s Study

The study revealed shocking findings about the impact of smog on the health and life expectancy of Lahore’s inhabitants.

Life Expectancy Reduction

According to the study, the residents of Lahore are experiencing a yearly reduction in life expectancy by a staggering seven years due to smog exposure. This alarming statistic underscores the severity of the problem and the need for immediate action.

Impact on Children

Furthermore, the research report highlights the detrimental effects of smog on children. It equates their exposure to current pollution levels to the equivalent of smoking 30 cigarettes daily. This revelation is deeply concerning, as it emphasizes the health risks that children face due to prolonged exposure to smog.

Reasons Behind Smog in Punjab

Understanding the factors contributing to smog is essential to address the issue effectively.

Factors Contributing to Smog

Several factors contribute to the formation of smog in Punjab. These include vehicular emissions, industrial pollution, and crop residue burning. These sources release a significant amount of pollutants into the atmosphere, leading to poor air quality and smog formation.

Government’s Response and Public Reaction

The caretaker government’s decision to close schools, offices, and businesses is a crucial step in addressing the smog crisis. This action reflects the government’s commitment to protecting the health and well-being of its citizens.

Measures Taken by the Government

The government is also taking additional measures to combat smog, such as enforcing stricter emissions standards and promoting public awareness campaigns. These efforts aim to reduce the sources of pollution and educate the public about the importance of air quality.

Public Concern and Reaction

The public’s reaction to the smog crisis is mixed. While many appreciate the government’s proactive approach, there is also a growing concern about the long-term impact of smog on the city and its residents. This highlights the need for continued efforts to improve air quality.


The alarming levels of smog in Punjab, particularly in Lahore, necessitate immediate action to protect the health and well-being of the residents. The closure of schools, offices, and businesses, as well as the findings from the University of Chicago’s research, underscore the urgency of addressing this pressing issue. The government’s response and public awareness are critical in combating smog and improving the overall quality of life in the region.


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