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The State Bank of Pakistan Foreign Exchange Reserves Plummet, Raising Concerns

The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) has witnessed a significant decline in its foreign exchange reserves, reaching a critical level of $4.09 billion as of May 26. This article explores the recent data released by the central bank, highlighting the potential consequences and implications of this decline. With a focus on the country’s import cover and the role of commercial banks, we delve into the factors contributing to this worrisome situation.

The Decline of SBP’s Foreign Exchange Reserves

According to recently shared data, the SBP’s foreign exchange reserves have experienced a substantial decline of $102 million. This drop further exacerbates concerns surrounding the already critical level of reserves, which are now estimated to cover only about a month’s worth of imports. Such a low import cover can potentially have adverse effects on the stability of the economy and the country’s ability to manage external obligations effectively.

Total Liquid Foreign Reserves and Commercial Banks’ Contribution

In addition to the SBP’s reserves, it is essential to consider the country’s total liquid foreign reserves. As of the latest figures, these reserves amount to $9.51 million. While this may appear relatively higher than the SBP’s reserves alone, it is crucial to note that the commercial banks’ net foreign reserves play a significant role in the overall picture. Currently, the commercial banks’ net foreign reserves stand at $5.42 million, contributing to the country’s total reserve position.

External Debt Payments and Reserve Depletion

The SBP has provided insight into the factors behind the recent decline in foreign exchange reserves. In a statement, the central bank revealed that the reserves dropped primarily due to external debt payments during the week ending May 26, 2023. The magnitude of these debt payments amounts to $102 million, thus accounting for the majority of the decline observed. This highlights the importance of managing external debt obligations effectively to maintain a stable reserve position.

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Continued Decline in Foreign Exchange Reserves

It is worth noting that the decline in the State Bank of Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves is not an isolated incident. In the previous week, reserves had already diminished by $110 million, further contributing to the ongoing concerns. The consecutive decline underscores the need for proactive measures to stabilize the reserve position and prevent potential economic challenges.

Implications and the Way Forward

The critical level of foreign exchange reserves raises significant concerns about the country’s ability to manage its external obligations. Insufficient import cover may lead to difficulties in meeting international payment obligations, affecting the overall economic stability. To address this issue, it is crucial for the State Bank of Pakistan to consider implementing measures aimed at replenishing and diversifying the reserve position.

Furthermore, a comprehensive assessment of the external debt structure can help identify opportunities for refinancing or rescheduling, ensuring a more manageable debt repayment schedule. Additionally, promoting exports, attracting foreign direct investment, and boosting remittances can help augment the foreign exchange reserves and improve the overall economic outlook.


The decline in the State Bank of Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves raises concerns about the country’s economic stability and its ability to manage external obligations effectively. With the import cover reduced to approximately a month’s worth, it is imperative for proactive measures to be taken to stabilize the reserve position. By implementing strategies such as refinancing external debt, promoting exports, and attracting foreign investment, Pakistan can work towards replenishing its foreign exchange reserves and securing a sustainable economic future.


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